Despite the similarities with secured loans, deposits are real purchases. However, since the buyer has only temporary ownership of the collateral, these agreements are often treated as loans for tax and accounting purposes. In the event of insolvency, investors can sell their assets in most cases. This is an additional distinction between repo credits and secured loans; For most secured loans, bankrupt investors would be subject to automatic suspension. The method of determining the nature of a retirement transaction has evolved considerably from ASC 605 to ASC 606. In accordance with ASC 605, guidance focused on whether the risks and opportunities of ownership were transferred to the client. ASC 606 focuses on both the type of redemption rights and the difference between the redemption price and the initial sale price. This change in focus facilitates instructions, which can simplify some ambiguous situations that occur in ASC 605. Financing agreements are treated in the same way as call and forward options. The accounting treatment of sales with return rights goes beyond the scope of this article, but it is dealt with in detail in the rights of return and the acceptance of customers. The following chart provides a complete overview of the accounting process for pension transactions. While conventional deposits are generally credit risk instruments, there are residual credit risks. Although it is essentially a secured transaction, the seller can no longer redeem the securities sold on the maturity date.
In other words, the repo seller is no longer in default in his commitment. Therefore, the buyer can keep the guarantee and liquidate the guarantee to recover the money loaned. However, the security may have lost its value since the beginning of the transaction, as the security is subject to market movements. In order to reduce this risk, deposits are often over-undersured and are subject to a daily market margin (i.e. if assets lose value, a margin call can be triggered to ask the borrower to publish additional securities). Conversely, when the value of the security increases, the borrower runs a credit risk, since the creditor is not allowed to resell them. If this is considered a risk, the borrower can negotiate a subsecured repo.  Robin Hood. « What are the legs near and far in a buyout contract? » Retrieved August 14, 2020.
The new accounting rules will make it more difficult for companies to replicate Lehman`s aggressive accounting for rest. Increased transparency through the new rules should give investors and analysts greater insight into which companies use repo operations. . . .